Typecho上手指南

in Handbook with 11 comments, viewed 150 times

前言

本文将介绍如何搭建基于Typecho的个人网站,以及分享一些遇到问题的解决方案。

Why Typecho

Typecho是一个由国人开发的轻量级CMS,和WordPress一样,可以快速建立个人博客网站。So Why Typecho
WordPress有无数的优点,但是选择Typecho的理由只需一个:简单简洁轻量级
Typecho几乎是专门为个人博客打造的,全部代码不足400KB,也不像WordPress一样对主机性能有一定的要求。界面和控制台都是极简风,非常清爽,很容易上手。对MarkDown支持非常友好,不需要额外的插件。
Typecho Console

环境

Typecho的推荐环境是LNMP(Linux, Nginx, MySQL, PHP),跟WordPress非常相似,可以共用。
因为本人之前写过在Ubuntu上搭建WordPress环境的步骤,为避免重复造轮,LinuxMySQLPHP7的部分可以参考这里

Nginx

安装Nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx

验证Nginx

systemctl status nginx

会得到如下输出

● nginx.service - A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Thu 2019-12-05 10:19:16 CST; 4h 29min ago
Process: 80264 ExecStop=/sbin/start-stop-daemon --quiet --stop --retry QUIT/5 --pidfile /run/nginx.pid (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
Process: 80384 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -g daemon on; master_process on; (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
Process: 80380 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -q -g daemon on; master_process on; (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

启动Nginx

sudo systemctl start nginx

修改Nginx配置

Nginx默认安装在 /etc/nginx/目录下,在此目录下找到默认的配置文件sites-enabled/default(不同的Nginx版本或者操作系统文件会有区别),把index.php加到index标签下,同时将PHP对应的location打开

index **index.php** index.html;

location ~ \.php$ { 
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
}

要确保已经安装了php-fpm,否则Nginx无法正常给php做转发。如果还没有安装,运行如下命令安装

sudo apt install php-fpm php-mysql

安装Typecho

直接从官网下载最新的版本,解压到Nginx目录

cd /usr/share/nginx
sudo wget http://typecho.org/downloads/1.1-17.10.30-release.tar.gz
tar -zxvf 1.1-17.10.30-release.tar.gz
cp ./build/* ./html/

不要忘了修改一下Nginx发布目录的权限

cd /usr/share/nginx/html
chmod -R 755 *
chown {owner}/{group} *

如果是Ubuntu,owner和group都是www-data,如果是CentOS则事nginx,可以通过以下命令查看用户

ps -ef | grep nginx

验证Typecho

现在浏览器打开 {ip}:80(nginx默认80端口),可以看到Typecho的欢迎页面
Typecho Welcome

按照向导一步一步走下来,可以看到简洁清爽的博客界面
Typecho Blog

PHP7可能遇到的问题

502 bad gateway

如果打开页面报502 bad gateway,是因为xml解析不兼容造成的,安装php7.0-xml即可解决,

sudo apt-get install php7.0-xml
yum install php7.0-xml

404 not found

如果打开任何Typecho子页面都报404 not found,需要在nginx的配置文件添加如下配置

location / {
    if (-f $request_filename/index.html){
        rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;
    }
    if (-f $request_filename/index.php){
        rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;
    }
    if (!-f $request_filename){
        rewrite (.*) /index.php;
    }
}

php的location下添加参数fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;,参考如下

server {
    listen 80 default_server;
    listen [::]:80 default_server;

    root /usr/share/nginx/typecho;

    index index.php index.html;

    server_name localhost;

    location / {
        # First attempt to serve request as file, then
        # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
        if (-f $request_filename/index.html){
            rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;
        }
        if (-f $request_filename/index.php){
            rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;
        }
        if (!-f $request_filename){
            rewrite (.*) /index.php;
        }
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        # With php7.0-cgi alone:
        # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        # With php7.0-fpm:
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
    }
}

WordPress迁移到Typecho

Typecho插件支持从WordPress转移文章,但是建议安装老版本的Typecho环境,而且对WordPress的版本有要求,至少博主在WordPress5Typecho1.1下没有迁移成功。所以建议不要迁移哈哈哈。

总结

Typecho环境的搭建与WordPress非常相似,如果你是想要一个纯粹极简博文网站,并习惯MarkDown写文,那就感觉上手Typecho吧,你值得拥有。

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